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A级辅导——主谓一致
时间:2015-05-20 17:20:31
 

 

主谓一致的问题需要注意以下几点:

如果主语是单数而后面跟有with, together with, along with, combined with, as well as, in addition to, more than, no less than, rather than, like, but, except等词引起的短语,谓语动词用单数。

如果主语是and连接的两个单数名词且前面有every, each, no等不定代词修饰时,谓语动词用单数。

●“many a/more than one/the number of /neither of/either of + 名词做主语时,谓语用单数。

and连接两个名词做主语,其后面的名词若不加冠词,常指一个人或事物,谓语动词用单数。

-ics结尾的名词表示一门学科时,谓语动词用单数。

由并列连词or, either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also…, nor等连接的两个名词(或代词),谓语形式应采用邻近的原则,即谓语与邻近主语一致。

          表示度量(金钱、重量、容积、时间)等复数名词做主语时,常看作一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式。

真题示例

1. Dr. Richard, together with his wife and three children, (be) _____ to arrive in Beijing this afternoon. (05-1, 03-12)

2. Neither the clerks nor the manager (know) _____ anything about the accident now. (02-6)

3. The manager, as well as his advisers, _____ to attend the world fair. (01-6)

A) are agreed    B) were agreed    C) have agreed    D) has agreed   

答案:1. is  2. knows  3. D)

Exercises

1. Neither they nor I _____ going to the party.  

A) am             B) is                 C) are               D) being

2. Not only I but also Tom and Mary _____ fond of watching television. 

A) is              B) am                C) are               D) be

3. Many a man _____ that life is empty without any purpose.

A) think           B) have thought        C) thinks             D) are thinking

4. Man, no less than the lower forms of life, _____ a product of evolutionary process.

A) is              B) are                C) was               D) were

5. Mike is so fond of collecting stamps that three fourths of his salary _____ spent on it.

A) has             B) are                C) is                D) had

6. Most of the passengers _____ in the aircraft. Only three of them survived.

A) are killed        B) were killed          C) killed             D) was killed

7. Every student, teacher and staff member _____ to contribute.

A) ask             B) asks               C) have asked         D) is asked

8. The singer and dancer _____ our evening.

A) is to attend       B) was attend          C) were to attend       D) are attend         

9. More than one example _____ necessary to make the students understand this rule clearly.

A) should be        B) is                 C) are                D) have been

10. Here is a message of importance to every man and woman who _____.

A) votes            B) vote              C) voting              D) are voting

11. A doctor, together with two nurses, _____ sent to that mountain village to help the sick people.

A) have            B) has               C) have been           D) has been

12. _____ of the two football teams scored a goal, so the final result was a draw.

A) No one          B) Neither            C) None               D) Not any

13. His knowledge of languages and international relations ______ him in his work.

A) have helped      B) helps              C) was helped          D) help

14. “ ______ ten dollars a big sum to him?” “I suppose so.”

A) Is              B) Will be             C) Are                D) Were

15. Fifteen minutes ______ for a boy who is eager to see his girl friend.

A) seem a long time  B) seems a long time    C) seemed a long time  D) seems a long time ago

答案:1-5 A C C A C   6-10 B D A B A   11-15 D B B A B

     
 

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